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The movement originated on university campuses in the U.S., though has spread to other countries, including Canada and Britain. The name comes from hip, a term applied to Beats from the 1950s, such as Allen Ginsberg and Jack Kerouac, generally considered to be precursors to the hippies. Although the movement emerged partly in opposition to the United States participation in the Vietnam War (1955-75), hippies were generally not actively involved in politics, in contrast with their activist counterparts known as the "Yippies" (Youth International Party). Hippies were primarily a middle-class, white, teenage to twenty-something group that was part of the so-called Baby Boomer generation by demographers.